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Improve Your Skiing in the Off-Season by Focusing on Balance

Take a cue from the pros and incorporate balance training into your dryland workouts.

As skiers, we know that balance is an essential skill, but it’s one we often take for granted. While we know that building muscle strength and endurance in the gym will help improve our skiing ability, we don’t think of improving balance and coordination in the same way.

But if your goal is to improve on the slopes—if you want to finally master the art of standing against the outside ski and learn to tip your skis on edge without your body tipping the same way—you should incorporate balance training in your workout routine.

Improving balance is about more than just learning to stay centered. It’s about motor control and proprioception—that is, understanding how to move your body to adapt to changes in your environment. “It’s about how your brain perceives where you are in terrain, relative to the ground,” explains JC Cole, Human Performance Director for Ski and Snowboard Club Vail in Minturn, Colo.

Related: Get more ski fitness advice from JC Cole in SKI’s comprehensive online Ski Injury Prevention course

When we’re skiing, our environment is constantly changing, from the snow conditions and terrain underfoot to visibility conditions. The more finely tuned our body is to react to these changes, the better and more quickly we’ll be able to adapt and stay centered over our skis.

Take Swiss freestyle skier Andri Ragettli. This guy has won seven World Cup titles and four Crystal Globes in Slopestyle and Big Air because he’s one of the best there is when it comes to landing on his feet after flipping upside down and sideways in the air. Think he just comes by that balance naturally? Think again. If you’ve ever seen one of his Youtube or Instagram videos showcasing the insanely difficult obstacle courses he creates for himself, you’ll know he trains for that kind of balance on snow.

Watch: Andri Ragettli Parcour Part 2 (Road to the Olympics)

There are lots of ways to train balance and motor control for skiing, from cross-training activities like mountain biking, paddle boarding, and trail running, to focused exercises on balance equipment. Here, we list some of our favorite affordable balance tools that target the key stabilizer muscles that skiers rely on and make balance training fun. And for some inspiration on how to incorporate them into your workout routine, take a cue from the pros.

Best Balance Tools for Skiers

Bosu Ball

This versatile piece of equipment can be used either flat side down, or flat side up to increase the balance challenge. If you’re new to Bosu ball training, start with the flat side down. You can perform basic moves like two-footed squats or lunges onto the rounded top, or see how long you can balance on one leg.

Related: Try this Bosu ball workout designed specifically for skiers

When you’re ready to progress, flip the Bosu so the flat side is up and practice standing and squatting with the rounded side down. When you’re ready to level up, just look through pro skier John Collinson’s Instagram account. The Bosu ball was a go-to piece of equipment during his last ACL rehab, and he shared some of his favorite (and aspirational) Bosu moves.

Balance Pad

There are different kinds of balance pads out there, from simple foam squares and rectangles to inflated and round rubber pads. The foam pads are more beginner-friendly and versatile. You can incorporate them into your standard workout routine by performing lunges with one foot on the pad to add an extra stability challenge. Or you can place them on top of a plyo box and practice landing and balancing on them when you perform your plyo box jumps. The inflated rubber balance pads can be used in the same way but are far more challenging. However, they do work the stabilizer muscles of the lower leg harder.

Read more: Increase strength and power for the slopes with plyometric training

Balance Board

These, too, come in varying shapes and sizes, and each is challenging in different ways. Some challenge your fore-aft balance, while others challenge your stability in all directions. Some even come with interchangeable parts so you can switch up between balancing on a rocker, roller, or pad. We’re fans of the Revolution boards, which come in sport-specific designs that help train balance patterns natural to skiing, hockey, surfing, etc.

Related: We talked to Linsey Vonn for 7 minutes while she was skiing powder

Slackline

This is the most challenging but perhaps the most fun piece of equipment on this list. Slacklines challenge stabilizer muscles across the entire body—your legs and your core—and are therefore great for improving balance on the slopes. Cross country skier Jessie Diggins is a big fan of slackline training, as are members of the U.S. Ski Team. Slacklines are usually between 50 and 60 feet long and around two-inches wide, though narrower ones exist and will increase the balance challenge. If you’re new to slacklining, pick a wider slackline with low stretch webbing, which can be suspended closer to the ground because it’s more rigid.

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